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Besides our own publications, we offer a selection of 10 reference articles, 10 reference books and 10 reference studies in philanthropy below. 
This non-exhaustive list associates theoretical and empirical research work, and covers the scope of research on Philanthropy at ESSEC Business School.


  • Andreoni, J. 1990. Impure Altruism and Donations to Public Goods: A Theory of Warm-Glow Giving. The Economic Journal, 100(401): 464–477.
  • Arrow, K. J. 1972. Gifts and Exchanges. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 1(4): 343–362.
  • Bekkers, R., & Wiepking, P. 2011. A Literature Review of Empirical Studies of Philanthropy: Eight Mechanisms That Drive Charitable Giving. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 40(5): 924–973.
  • Carnegie, A. 1889. Wealth. The North American Review, 148(391): 653–664.
  • Fry, L. W., Keim, G. D., & Meiners, R. E. 1982. Corporate Contributions: Altruistic or For-Profit?  Academy of Management Journal, 25(1): 94–106.
  • Galaskiewicz, J. 1985. Professional Networks and the Institutionalization of a Single Mind Set. American Sociological Review, 50(5): 639–658.
  • Letts, C. W., Ryan, W., & Grossman, A. 1997. Virtuous Capital: What Foundations Can Learn from Venture Capitalists. Harvard Business Review, 75(2): 36–50.
  • List, J. A. 2011. The Market for Charitable Giving. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 25(2): 157–180.
  • Seifert, B., Morris, S. A., & Bartkus, B. R. 2004. Having, giving, and getting: Slack resources, corporate philanthropy, and firm financial performance. Business & Society, 43(2): 135.
  • Sulek, M. 2010b. On the Modern Meaning of Philanthropy. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 39(2): 193 –212.


  • Brest, P., & Harvey, H. 2008. Money well spent: A strategic plan for smart philanthropy. Bloomberg Press.
  • Frumkin, P. 2010. The essence of strategic giving. University of Chicago Press.
  • Godbout, J. T. 2007. L’esprit du don. La Découverte.
  • Mauss, M. [1903] 2007. "Essai sur le don: Forme et raison de l’échange dans les sociétés archaïques", in Sociologie et Anthropologie. Presses Universitaires de France.
  • Ostrower, F. 1997. Why the wealthy give. Princeton University Press.
  • Prince, R. A., & File, K. M. 2001. The seven faces of philanthropy: A new approach to cultivating major donors. Wiley.
  • Reich, R. 2018. Just giving: Why philanthropy is failing democracy and how it can do better. Princeton University Press.
  • Singer, P. 2015. The most good you can do: How effective altruism is changing ideas about living ethically. Yale University Press.
  • Wiepking, P., & Handy, F. (Eds.) 2015. The Palgrave handbook of global philanthropy. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Zunz, O. 2012. La philanthropie en Amérique : Argent privé, affaires d’État. Fayard.


  • Abélès, M., & Kohler, J. 2014. Motivations philanthropiques des grandes fortunes en Europe du Nord. BNP Paribas Wealth Management.
  • AFF, 2013. Les clés du fundraising. Association Française des Fundraisers.
  • Boiardi, P., & Gianoncelli, A. 2018. Impact Strategies. How Investors Drive Social Impact. European Venture Philanthropy Association.
  • Bruneau, D. et al. Panorama national des générosités. Fondation de France.
  • Capgemini, 2018. World Wealth Report.
  • Charities Aid Foundation, 2018. CAF World Giving Index.
  • Giving Institute, 2019. Giving USA 2018
  • Impact Management Project, 2018. A Guide to Mapping the Impact of an Investment.
  • Recherches & Solidarités, 2018. La générosité des Français.
  • Social Impact Investment Taskforce, 2014. Impact Investment: The Invisible Heart of Markets.