In order to disseminate research, the Chair has adopted this new infographic format since 2020 and will regularly create new ones, which will be made available for download on this page. You can also find them in English on the English version of the website.

An infographic is the declination of an article and a research work in the form of an illustration. This visual format facilitates the transmission of knowledge.

Click on the links on the right to go directly to the infographic that interests you:

Towards a strategic philanthropy

This infographic is the formatting of a theory by Peter Frumkin. It is drawn from the work of adaptation of Frumkin's theory to the French context, by Anne-Claire Pache and Arthur Gautier.

Further information


A French history of philanthropy

Philanthropy has its detractors and its supporters, and rarely leaves anyone indifferent. Like other abstract ideas, it has been the subject of endless debate since its emergence in the 18th century. Far from having an immutable definition, its meaning has changed over time alongside the social, cultural and political context, but also with the actors who use it. Less present in France in the 20th century with the rise of the welfare state, it has regained a certain lustre at the beginning of the 21st century, where private donations supplement public funding in many areas.

A French History of the Word Philanthropy - Infographic - ESSEC Philanthropy Chair.pdf

Social Impact Assessment

The Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Esther Duflo, Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer at the end of 2019 recognised their innovative research on poverty. At the heart of their work are experimental approaches using Randomized Control Trials (RCTs), which have renewed the way the impact of social innovation projects is measured.

We therefore advocate a pragmatic approach to social impact assessment, putting the needs of the social entrepreneur at the center, whether it is a question of increasing this impact or demonstrating it to external stakeholders (funders, public actors, etc.). Social innovators need to precede the question "How do we measure our impact?" with the question "What is the goal of this evaluation? ".

EN - Infographic Social impact assessment methods.pdf